"human self, threats to the self"




  Socio-Cognitive Modelling for Complex

Socio-Technological Networks

Modellistica delle Reti Complesse viste come 

  Aggregati Socio - Tecnologici e Cognitivi


                         Subproject  III 4  of CRESCO

Italy  Italian Version


Italian Research Agency for new Technologies, Energy and the Environment


   Progetto  CRESCO:

Centro computazionale di RicErca sui Sistemi COmplessi.


  CRESCO responsable :

     Ing. Silvio Migliori

  Activity Line III:

  Sviluppo di modelli di 

  simulazione ed analisi delle

  reti tecnologiche complesse 

  e  loro interdipendenze

   AL III coordinator: .

      Dr. Sandro Bologna

  Subproject III 4 :



      Dr. Adam Maria Gadomski


  Google search:








CRESCO is a large ENEA's and Italian Project focused on the research on complex systems in the different areas of science and technologies. It is based on the development of the advanced High Performance Computing infrastructure ENEA grid.

CRESCO (Centro Computazionale di RicErca sui Sistemi Complessi, Computational Research Center for Complex Systems) is  co-funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR).

The CRESCO project is functionally developed around the HPC platform, through the creation of a number of scientific thematic laboratories, such as: Computing Science Laboratory,  Computational Systems Biology Laboratory, and Complex Networks Systems Laboratory - dealing with the complexity of information technology networks and human organizations decisional dependences in large national critical services infrastructures.

A major ambition of this  multi-discipline  project is to allow an inter-disciplinary flow of methods and ideas related to the network-based modeling and simulation of complex systems and their aggregates.

In the above context, CRESCO-SOC-COG is the activity focused on the research on the vulnerabilities of human factors in frame  of  networked structures of high-risk large human organizations.


Long term research objectives

The scope of the CRESCO-SOC-COG is the identification and reduction of  the human organization vulnerability. In particular the following objectives have been selected for this sub-project:
Domain-independent computational modelling and demonstrative simulation of  socio-cognitive managerial high-risk decisional  processes and their interdependences. Especially in the case of the collaborative emergency management for the protection of Large Complex Critical  Infrastructures (LCCI).
F    ModelIing and analysis of the socio-cognitive vulnerabilities of  these type organizations [2], [3] .





This new challenging cross-disciplinary objective requires a qualitatively new systemic conceptualization tool, therefore, The socio-cognitive meta-methodological approach involved  is based on the main frameworks of the teleological and holistic TOGA meta-theory (Top-down Object-based Goal-oriented Approach, 1993).

The main top axiomatic paradigm of TOGA is based on the assumption that the every problem can be

identified or specified by the decomposition of the interactions between the couple (Intelligent entity, its environment). From this perspective, a domain-independent decomposable meta-model of cognitive decision-making, is the key reference object  for all socio-cognitive factors in large networked organizations.




In the first year of CRESCO-SOC-COG three research paths are planed. There are:

- socio-cognitive - focused on cognitive decision-making of managers in frame of socio-cognitive organization networks

- socio-technological - focused on the interactions between organization network and technological-networks

- methodological-integrative - it should provide a common meta-ontological and meta-knowledge engineering platform [1] [2]


Research path 1
Socio-Cognitive Vulnerability of Managerial Decision-Making


 Research and Development:


Objective: Decisional managerial cognitive processes modelling and indication of their  vulnerability



 ECONA - Centro Interuniversitario

Responsibile ECONA:

 Prof. Marta Olivetti-Belardinelli (ECONA)- marta.olivetti(at)
 Prof. Alessandro Londei -


Collaboration with  Research Path 3


Research path 2

Socio-Technological Vulnerability of Organizational Decisions and their interdependences in LCCI


Research and Development:

Objective: Socio-technological vulnerability modelling of organization networks  for  critical Infrastructures



 DII  (Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Impresa) 

 dell’Università di  Roma Tor Vergata,

Responsibile DII

 Prof. Lucio Bianco (DII)
 Dr. Massimiliano Caramia


 CCollaboration with  Research Path 3ollaborazione con R


Research path 3

Ontology and Integrated Methodology for the Modelling of Organization Vulnerability


Research and Development:

Consensus Building

Responsible  ENEA

Dr. Adam  Maria Gadomski

Contact:       adam.gadomski(at)

tel: 06 3048 3404


Ontological coordination,  integration and  results validation


Collaboration with    ECONA and DII in Research Path 1,2.ol


Work steps in the first phase

principal phases of the research are distinguished:

 1. Knowledge Acquisition - recognition of the specificity  of high-risk organizations and LCCIs

               models; from this  perspective the  review of existing tools and models of socio-cognitive

               decision-making will be performed.
            2. Experiment

        -  Path 1:    Focused on the questionnaire-based modeling of manager decision-making.

        -  Path 2:    Focused on the analysis of the real cases of  large disaster/emergency


3. Development of demonstrative simulator

4. Validation of the results




 Interface with other subprojects of  Activity Line III:

Problem initial condition


 Managerial activity in Organization  Layer [3] is activated when the situation is over the (routine & emergency) competences of the direct operators of the technological networks (such as LCCI) [6] .


 Basic References

[1] The method:  Methodological and ontological approach  TOGA has been analysed and applied in several RTD EU projects. The results are presented in journal and e-publications on the Web.  A few graduated thesis have been done under supervision of this project partners. 5 with  ECONA  of the University "La Sapienza" and one with the University of  Rome  “Tor Vergata”.

More information: TOGA metatheory:

[2] Article for CNIP-2006.

A.M. Gadomski, Modeling of Socio-Cognitive Vulnerability of Human Organizations: TOGA Meta-Theory Approach, Proc. of International Workshop on Complex Network and Infrastructure Protection, CNIP 2006 , 28- 29 March 2006, Rome, Italy.


[3]  A.M. Gadomski, Vulnerability of Human Organizations: ENEA'S Experience. The US-CAMO Workshop on Complex Networks and Infrastructure Protection, 05 June 2006. ppt- presentation.


[4] P. Sargeni, A.M. Gadomski, L’ergonomia cognitiva e l’identificazione della vulnerabilità  di organizzazioni umane: organizzazioni umane: la prospettiva socio--cognitiva. Seminar ENEA-CAMO, 10 May 2006. (ppt-pdf: 10-05-06)


[5] Common Document: A. D'Ausilio (ECONA),M. Caramia (Tor Vergata), A.M. Gadomski (ENEA), A.Londei (ECONA, M.Olivetti-Belardinelli (ECONA). CRESCO-SOC-COG: Strategies, Competences and Objectives. ENEA-Sede. CRESCO Coordination Meeting, 5 July 2006.  ppt-presentation


[6] International documents  related to the Large Critical Infrastructure Protections, EMSE 232, Disaster Newsletter, Nov.2006, Vol.11 - N. 2:, The George Washington University.


[7] A.M. Gadomski. Human-Organization Crisis: Identification, Response & Recovery - A top-view, White paper. on the Web since 2004:


[8] Dossier ENEA:  S.Bologna (Ed.).  “ENEA per il governo e la sicurezza delle Grandi Reti Tecnologiche ed Energetiche”. (24 Nov. 2006) .


F   Project Research  Results .

CRESCO Context Links (Italy  It)

Some Application Links

F  Italian Version (short)   Italy

L'editore del sito: Adam Maria Gadomski

© 2006, ENEA. A.M.Gadomski. All rights reserved  These are official Research Pages of the sub-project. If you are  interested in  more exact  information, please  send e-mail to the s-project responsable : gadomski_a(at)casaccia(p)enea(p)it - The e-mail address is only for professional scientific communication.