DECISION-MAKING in organization:
the TOGA meta-theory approach
Systemic top-down identification and synthesis of basic concepts and relations
 White paper of Adam Maria Gadomski
              ..                                    Illustration of  group decision-making  


Research activity of:  Adam Maria Gadomski  and Simona Mazzuca ( theses in 2004)



Organizational decision-making (ODM) is a specific decision-making of an intelligent entity composed with intelligent (autonomous) elements. 

In this sense an organizational decision-making is  two or more levels hierarchical decisional process (from an observer scientific perspective) and  an organization's  function (from an organisation designer engineeristic perspective).. [the perspective of  the TOGA meta-theory],.


Organizational decision-making involves the following basic ontological  dependences:


1. Functional Component-Component  interrelations - they are based on the UMP paradigm and on different forms of collective decision-making and their distributed or centralised goal-oriented  intradepencences.

2. Process-Data interrelations - they are based on the observation of cognitive information processing in the frame of the recursive individual/group  IPK (Information, Preferences, Knowledge) frameworks.  

3. System-Structure interrelations - tesi society/organization/group roles structures, where different structures have to be distinguished, such as:  functional, processual, role-dependent.


In the context of the TOGA conceptualization, a decision-making (D-M) is a basic component of such complex managerial tasks/functions/processes (dependently on the assumed perspective) as: cooperation, negotiation and conflict resolution.


The fig. below illustrates common bases of IPK which are available for  individual and group D-M processes in frame  of various socio-cognitive activities of an organization.


Fig.  The IPK Sharing (IPKS) paradigm applied in a group/cooperative decision-making.



 The carrier of D-M is an abstract cognitive/mentalistic/mental architecture based on IPK and UMP
 paradigms, it is an abstract process , and it is aggregated according to generic requirements of cooperation, negotiation and  conflict resolution

In concrete contexts, organizational decision-making can be defined and established on different generalization levels,
- dependently on the type of organization structure
- dependently on tasks/objectives/(fundation-goal) and current situation of the organization; ODM can be more of less structured

  or informal.
- dependently on individual interests and emotions of its actors, which can be temporal, not declared but implicitly manipulated .

 The lack of congruence between the really used ODM style and the organization structure may lead to "pathologies of organization", its vulnerability and, in consequence,  to different organization crisis.


Some TOGA references


- cognitive decision-making model: White paper http://erg4146.casaccia.enea.it/dec-maki.html

- SPG representation of a Domain-of-Activity of an intelligent entity/agent: the  identification and design framework for the domain of decision.
- consensus in: Model of Action-Oriented Decision-Making Process : Methodological Approach , 1990
- decisional errors in: Safety and Reliability of Human-Machine Systems, Adam Maria Gadomski, 1998
- abstract society and organization Personoids society  - A generalized society of intelligent agents, Web page.



see Google search (updated 2 Mar.2005): decision-making            - 14 100 000 docs
                                                 decision-making, organization    -   5.260.000 docs
                             decision-making, management, intelligent.   -      863.000 docs
 decision-making, management, intelligence, meta-knowledge  -           676 docs (1st, 2nd from MKEM)

For more information -  mail to Adam Maria Gadomski

For  citation: A.M.Gadomski,  Decision-Making in Organization: TOGA Approach. White paper. Web page (since 2003): http://erg4146.casaccia.enea.it/Simona, the ENEA's Server . 

Page since 28/04/2003, last updating: 10 Nov. 2005, copyright Adam Maria Gadomski, ENEA. 

High-Intelligence Research Group
Meta-Knowledge Eng. & Management
D-M -in Org.-Tesi di laurea