Maria Gadomski's Meta-knowledge Engineering Server
ON COMPUTATIONAL AXIOLOGY and ETHICS:
a TOGA meta-theory long-term perspectives
Working Page since 23 Mar.2001, last updated 20 Oct. 2004.
On "Philosophy updating"
As computational ontology and epistemology as well as, axiology and ethics have not more the classical philosophical notion because their subject is not more an abstract/ideal human which represents the humanity. Also autonomous robots and computer systems react on their own subjective vision of the world. They do it according to individual perception and conceptualization capabilities, their own information, preferences and knowledge. In this sense, they have a subjective ontology, epistemology and values. Me may argue that they have a very simple, not conscious yet "e-philosophy".
Anyway, the e-philosophy will be a symptom of a high-intelligence of abstract intelligent agents (personoids).
The possibility of computer implementation of "philosophy components/modules" is a base for its new forms, such as, an experimental and computational philosophy (using simulation methods) .
In consequence, we may define top-down new interest domains of emerging systemic and over-disciplinary research branches and theories. They could be, for example,
- Unified Intelligence Axiology and
Ethics, UnIA: It is an hypothetical unified theory
of Axiology and Ethics of intelligent
socio-cognitive systems, natural and artificial, it can be seen as
a complementary part of an anticipatory science which can be called
the Unified theory of Meta-Systems (UTMS). UTMS is, in my opinion,
in an initial state of development.
For example, TOGA
is a pioniering approach to the top-down construction of an UTMS.
An intelligent beings/entity/agent is difficult to imagine in a not intelligent environment. Multi-intelligent systems create them self social relations, and, in consequence, they needs ethics system for common existence/ surviving.
Aggregates of social groups/communities/organizations and nations follow different ethics . Their systemic generalization and a development of a common coexistence and collaboration plataform lead us to the meta-ethics research.
Humans-computers symbiosis in the modern Information
and Knowledge Technological Society, has enlarge our interest to the
meta-ethics study of homogenious ethical bases of the possible personoidssociety/
the link in preparation/.
- The pragmatic studies in this matter performed in ENEA has conducted us to the formulation of the EoI (Cordis) MEFIT proposal.
References with remarks:
In Jack Worlton's paper :
Toward a Philosophy of Computational Science and Engineering , Cray
o Computational epistemology. Epistemology
(a specific study of knowledge) asks the question: "How do you know?"
o Computational axiology. Axiology
(the study of values) asks the question: "How do/can/should we determine
the value of
o Computational metaphysics. Metaphysics(the
study of reality (rather: reality conceptualizations
! [A.M.Gadomski]) ) covers a
o Computational methodology. Methodology
(the study of methods) includes, among other things, the questions of precise
Interesting: Anthony A. Aaby, Computational Ethics, 2002, web
Kari Coleman, University of British Columbia: Android Arete: Virtue Ethics for Computational Agents :
There exist computer ethics, the ethics of using
computers, but this statement is simplistic. Computer ethics could be use
of computers to create ethical systems for computers. In this sense computer
ethics would describe how computers would act in a human world.
- A design of intelligent robots requires the design of human-robot interactions, and in consequence, we need a robots' computational ethics and, in general, a computational axiology.
In order to comprehend the concept of computational axiology we need to have a definition of axiology.
Axiology is a general theory/science of human values, their orgines, interrelations and dynamics. It is considered as a part of philosophy, when "theory of value" is a branch of economy and political economy ( see Google below).
Remark: They start from different implicit axiomatic assumptions.
Formal Axiology is a specific branch of the science of Axiology. The late Dr. Robert S. Hartman developed this science between 1930 and 1973, He introduced the concept Dimensions of Value, going towards a mathematical axiology. This theory can be considered as a branch of early socio-cognitive research (see Web).
In the above context, computational axiology is yet an anticipatory science which should be an unified, mathematically formal approach to the problem of values from the perspective of intelligent entities. It should generalize the properties of : meta-ethics and the Theory of Value. I claim, it should be a socio-cognitive engineering task, possible to the realization according to the TOGA Meta-theory framework.
Google Search: "human-robot
interaction", "computational ethics" (30 Oct.2003: 0 docs)
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