explanation (a definition) of
Let's have a general knowledge about systems (a
General Systems Theory), this knowledge can be modified
and developed according
to certain knowledge conceptualization rules and
it can be structured in a form of
models of possible models are meta-models,
common and necessary system properties
(abstract) of a preselected
of systems consist of a meta-system.
Hence, if we develop meta-systems according to the main engineering
paradigm (i.e. a goal-oriented
this is a meta-system engineering
For example, a methodologilal rules system which is used for the development
of a preselected system, is its meta-system.
More formally, if S is a system composed with objects O and
given attributes A, and relations between its attributs
systems called properties P, then the system composed with
P and their interrelations, can be called
meta-system of S.
The system S is called reference system or domain system.
In this sense, a global system is composed with many domain systems,
their aggregates (systems of systems) and meta-systems.
- The concept of meta-system and meta-systems are domains of the study of systemics.
- The concept meta-system (according to the TOGA meta-theory) is closely
related to metaknowledge and
below illustrates, on the meta-system engineering level (of abstraction),
the relations between
and engineering activities involved in the development of any intelligent
system for the management of
large human-machine/technology system.
For instance, using the above
conceptual map we may define and specify/identify(*)
artificial intelligent system as follows:
X -system domain
knowledge: Risk processes management, ...
AI & Cognitive technologies
applied: Planning technologies, Case-Based Reasoning
programming supported by Multimedia
methodology: UML + Fast prototyping.
and so on.
| Remarks (2004):
the meta-systemic sense, meta-system engineering covers such new
systemic research and engineering fields, as:
meta-knowledge, meta-ontology, meta-modelling and meta-methodology, as
well as, classical system theory and socio-cognitive
engineering theoretical framework, see
also: [Adam Maria Gadomski:
Toward the Identification of the Real-World Meta-Complexity ,
Seminar, 2004-07-08 ].
These and many other systemic
approaches are distinguished in the subject matter literature, by their
different "points of view" or basic "keywords". It means, they start from
different axioms (explicitly or implicitly accepted) and develop -
frequently intuitively, their own (meta-)/
- It seems, the above context
"requires"/(or tends to) a meta-system ordering and a top meta-meta-perspective.
- Here, "looking in
deep", we should notice that the reference center of every problem is a
human, his/her needs, pleasures and suffering.
- Our symbolic, structured
and scientific knowledge have started from astronomy, evolved in physics,
have been multiplied in engineering and technologies in order to become
human-centered (see: sustainable development**)
According to my opinion,
in the next step, their will become intelligence-centered
**. During this evolution, the humans' values and possibilities
form a dynamic "reference perspective" which determine together our
"reasonable" choice of the meta-meta systemic axioms and paradigms.
Their attributes slowly
become, in parallel , cognitive, social, environmental and economic.
initial phase of the above process is illustrated in the ppt presentation
on the top of this page [SET200]..
relates to the modeling of existing systems, specification
refers to planned/designed. but inexistent yet physical or mental
entities with a system property. [according to the TOGA metatheory].
numerous forms and interpretations of sustainable
development, Google search - 12/08/04: found 3,240,000 docs. For an
illustration only, the term " intelligence centered development"
is not present on the Web. On the other hand, the term "intelligence-based
systems", proposed and well grounded in the frame of socio-cognitive
engineering by Gadomski, is at present always more and more frequently
Google : "meta-system
engineering" OR "meta-systems engineering" i,
global systems engineering ,
Vista (1 doc, this page
only , Dec. 1999)
Systemics as a general integrated language of concepts and models
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