Printed by ENEA, Rome, Feb.1994.
 
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PREFACE


 THE AIM OF THE AIA 1993

    In the modern societies, the complexity of the systems under human management, the high risk related to the results of human errors, and the high risk of the unexpected consequences of planned actions require a support to human inferences and decision making, i.e. require some autonomous intelligent tools.

AIA93 is considered to be an informal forum of experienced researchers from different fields for the confrontation of recent results, to exchange opinions and ideas regarding how to approach formal integrated modelling of :
  • domaìn independent intelligent systems
  • intelligent agents and
  • intelligence in general.
In the ENGINEERING PERSPECTIVE; one of the most important applications of an abstract intelligent agent is the design of reasoning module for highly autonomous robots or modeling of the intelligent supervisory systems for high risk piants. In the near future, the idea of abstract agents should be considered as the basic conceptual element of different knowledge-based software systems for, for ex.:
plant-operator support system, management decision-support, CIM/CASE conceptual design support, tutoring systems, groupware/cooperation/ coordination software tools, and other autonomous or support systems for the specification and solving of complex, incomplete, and ill-defined problems referred to the real-world. The models of AIA could also be a key theoretical base for the elaboration of standards and norms for verification and validation of AI technologies. 

 
In the RESEARCHER AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE PERSPECTIVE; 
AIA can be considered an abstract model for the identification of the intelligent behaviour of real-world systems, and it can provide the conceptual and terminological "bridge" between natural (evolutional) and artificial (designed) for their simulations, teaching, diagnosis, treatment or modifications. These applications should be interesting for psycology, sociology, organization research or economy. 

There are many forums for the presentation of papers on Artificial Intelligence but the intention of the organizers of this informal meeting is to contribute to the establishing of a COMMON POINT OF VIEW on existing Al technologies and current results of cognitive research. 
 
THE DEBATES
The topics of the debates regarded the problems of integration of:
    - different generic properties of AIA,
    - paradigms, methodologies and methods of their conceptualizations 
      and analysis, and
    - terminology used.
It was emphasized that the human modelers are also a specific physical realization of an AIA.

The conclusions of the AIA93'sdiscussions will be summarized and published in the AIA'94 Proceedings.
The volume contains the selected papers submitted to the following AIA93 Program Committee:
 
S. Bologna 
P.C. Cacciabue 
C. Casteffranchi 
S. Fiorentino
A.M. Gadomski (Program Com.Chairman)
F. Giunchiglia
M. Georgeff
E. Hollnagel
D. Nardi 
G. Osipov 
Z. Ras' 
P.S. Rosenbloom 
J. Rosenschein
G. Rzevski 
A. Straszak
N.S. Sridharan 
G. Trautter 
E. Werner 
J. M. Zytkow
ENEA
JRC Ispra
IP-CNR
ENEA
ENEA
IRST
AAII
CRI A/S
Univ. di Roma 'La Sapienza"
Academy of Sciences 
Univ.of North Carolina 
Univ. of South California
Hebrew University
The Open University
SRI - Polish Academy of Sciences
Intel.  Corp. MST 
Univ. of Napoli
National Research lnstitute
Wichita St. Universfty 
Italy
Eur.Com
Italy
Italy
Italy
Italy
Australia
Denmark
Italy 
Russia 
USA 
USA
lsrael
UK 
Poland 
USA 
Italy 
France 
USA .
AIA93 Chairman
AIA93 Co-Chairman
Adam Maria Gadomski
Andrzej Straszak
Italy
Poland

The activity of this Committee was highly appreciated by the organizers.

The Round-Tabie was organized by  ENEA ( ltalian National Agency for New Technology, Energy, and the Environment) with the cooperation of Systems Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

 
Local Organization Commíttee:
C. Balducelli, M.L. Bargellini, A.M.Gadomski, V. Nanni (Organization Chair).


The organizers wish to express their appreciation to S. Tagliefiti (head of INN-RIN), A.Marino (head of INN Department), A.Colombino, K.Zaboklicki (head of the Office of Polish Academy of Sciences in Rome) and to all of those who contributed to the Round--Tabie program.

I would like also to express my special thanks to the sessions Chairmen: C.Castelfranchi, S. Fiorentino, D.Nardi, G.Rzevski, A,Straszak and J.Zytkow, and to all who participated at the Round-Table.
Casaccia, January 1994
 

 Adam M. Gadomski

Borello L.M., Gadomski A.M., AIA93: First International Round Table on Abstract Intelligent Agent, AIIA Notizie, Anno VI, N.3, September, 1993.
A.M. Gadomski and J.M. Zytkow , Abstract Intelligent Agents: Paradigms, Foundations and Conceptualisation Problems,AIA94,1995.
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